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3.1 Inform me! news media

1.    Summarise the main points in the readings noting your agreement and disagreement with the ideas and opinions of the author/speaker.

Media, as in newspapers and television news have long held the key in swaying the general public to a particular point of view. And indeed in Christopher Harper’s article, he mentions that editors are like “gatekeepers [who] highlight particular stories, promote trends, sort the journalistic wheat from the chaff, and, some would argue, restrict the flow of information.” (Harper, 2003, 274). But now, with so many aspects of the world moving into cyberspace, it is of little wonder people chose to obtain the news online. This may be a new trend but Harper acknowledges that it may transform the way we acquire our news in the not too distant future.

For example, online newspapers allow me, as a reader to choose what news I want to read. And what information to look for in archives; I agree that I now have a wider range of media that can deliver the news, such as video and audio, that I didn’t previously possess. And if I have access to a computer and the internet, I have access to my own “printing press.” (Harper, 2003, 272). In this reading, Harper demonstrates through the use of surveys how online newspapers are becoming the norm in today’s society. The target audience, who pay for the newspapers are becoming older and it falls on the younger, more technically minded audience to use the internet as their source of information about what is going on in the world.

Michael Kolowich of http://www.newsedge,com is cited as saying people go online because:

  1. News consumers want filtering
  2. Finding, or the ability to search for, data is important
  3. Browsing
  4. Communing

Harper then expands on the role of gatekeepers with the two studies involving ‘Mr Gates’ in 1949 and 1966, where the editor in question chose particular stories with certain prejudices in mind as well as what he believed was a good story. “Researchers found a set of factors that often determine what news get into the media.” (Harper, 2003, 274).

Here are some factors which apply to digital journalism:

  1. Intensity of threshold value
  2. Unexpectedness
  3. Sociolcultural values
  4. Continuity
  5. Cultural proximity or relevance

On the other hand these factors do not apply to digital journalism:

  1. Time span
  2. Clarity or lack of ambiguity
  3. Consonance
  4. Composition

Christopher Harper uses the Chicago Tribune Internet Edition as a case study, to explain how technology is changing the face of journalism today. The online newspaper compliments the paper version, however it allows readers to have access to more in depth stories; other media such as video and audio, as well as forums and technology reports and games. The designer of the website is Leah Gentry and she describes the process to be “nonlinear strorytelling… [where] one has the ability to link one computer page location to another.” (Harper, 2003, 276). This allows readers to follow the story from different points of view.

While Darnell Little, a reporter for the Tribune, uses the characteristics of Wall Street Journal to write his articles, another reporter Stephen Henderson enjoys the hands on approach to writing, editing and finally publishing the story. Both ways which are essential to the web design of the newspaper. These two reporters fall under the category of “benevolent revolutionaries”, one of three groups Harper explains makes up journalists and the way they feel about new media. The other groups are “nervous traditionalists” who are not enthusiastic about new technology and the in betweeners, the “serene separatists”. (Harper, 2003, 278).

Another point, Harper makes is they way newspapers make money, traditionally, the paper version depends on the classifies, however, with very specific websites out now (such as carsales.com), this is slowly declining and these business have to find another means of revenue to keep going. Online newspapers have adverts that you can click on and can be redirected to that specific page in seconds. Harper concludes by stating that “the growing trend of young people’s using the internet for information may create a new readership for news on the web,” and I tend to agree. People today are living life in a rush and finding that the internet is a convenient source of news, whether they want to know what is happening in their backyard or statewide, or even worldwide.

Christopher Harper (2003). Journalism in a digital age. In H. Jenkins  & D. Thorburn (Eds), Democracy and New Media (pp. 271-280). Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press.

2.    Compare the form and content of the on-line news sites you visit with traditional newspapers.

While I enjoy sitting down with a cup of tea and a good book, I prefer to read about the news online. I find that looking through the websites listed above is great deal easier than leaving my home, strapping my children in the car and going to the shops or a newsagent to purchase a traditional newspaper. And I feel bad about the amount of paper being used to in the adverts inevitably found within the folds of the newspaper.

It’s not often I do read the news online, but when I do, it’s through ninemsn.com.au, because I have a hotmail account, and after reading my emails, I log out and am redirected to the ninemsn homepage, where the day’s news are published. It’s easy to read as I can see straight away photos or videos; the weather (I have it set to my city); polls; recipes, entertainment news and popular searchers. If something catches my eye, I will continue reading. If nothing looks interesting then I close the window and continue on to check my Facebook account, for example. I believe it’s the convenience factor, that sways me to online newspapers, everything is one click away. Also it has the ability to be specific to what I am looking for and by setting up my preferences, I can enjoy a more customised version than that of a regional newspaper.

What I find in common with traditional and online newspapers is the ability to offer feedback. Referring to Jenknis’s participatory culture, (Jenkins, 2006), I can leave a comment on a story that I feel particularly strongly about, such as Letters to the Editor, I guess that with online newspapers, the comments can be seen as soon as I post them up and people can reply to them if they wish.

 
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Posted by on 04/26/2011 in MED104

 

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2.3 Entertaining the world: using media across cultural boundaries

1.    Summarise the main points from the readings

Pop cosmospolitanism: Mapping cultural flows in an age of media convergence.

It is the year 2006 and young people of America are seeking to embrace Asian culture through entertainment media such TV, film and comic books. These young people are referred as “pop cosmopolitans” by Jenkins and in this reading he explains why. What is a pop cosmopolitan? It is “someone whose embrace of global popular media represents an escape route of the parochialism of [their] local community.” (Jenkins, 2006, 152).

It is noted that America has a lot of sway in entertainment media, and much of its content is not modified when it reaches other countries. For example Disney is viewed as distinctly American or western. However, Asian pop culture is growing in status even after being westernised to be more accessible to the American market. So much so, that it is difficult to distinguish who dominates who. Jenkins claims that American children are “more familiar with the characters of Pokemon than they are with those from the Brothers Grimm or Hans Christian Andersen”. (Jenkins, 2006, 157).

Jenkins explains that major companies push to have their content reach as many audiences as possible, including international audiences, this content in turn is viewed by people seeking something new and different to their everyday lives, many of whom are in different parts of the world, this whole process becomes pop cosmopolitanism. The very people who wish to learn about other cultures, who wish to see something outside their normal scope are the target audience of content released today.

By content, I mean media in the form of Japanese Anime; Bollywood film and the music style called Bhangra and Hong Kong Action films, and with broadband increasing in speed and access, comes a wider range in media being distributed directly to many people’s home without “having to pass through US gatekeepers or rely on multinational distributors.” (Jenkins, 2006, 157).

“If you can’t beat them, join them” has become the mentality of the American entertainment industry, often casting Asian talent as well as remaking successful franchises from other countries such as Japanese horror films The Ring, The Grudge and Dark Water. Anime is being distributed in three ways, comics, film and TV series, and toys; all linked to each other for maximum effect. Even though the Japanese style is often marketed to particular group, or westernised to suit a broader American audience, Jenkins claims that “this is starting to break down as Americans develop a preference for the qualities they associate with Japanese culture.” (Jenkins, 2006, 160).

As well as Japanese pop culture, pop cosmopolitans have become fascinated with Indian fashion, music (Bhangra) and cinema. “The United States and Britain now account for 55% of international Bollywood ticket sales.” (Jenkins, 2006,163). A few examples Jenkins gives, are Madonna and her use of henna and Indian religious iconography in her “Ray of Light” tour, as well as Andrew Lloyd Webber’s Bombay Dreams, the onstage musical with an all-Indian cast and music by A R Rahman.

An excellent point and one that I can relate to is the The Matrix Franchise that Jenkins states “is perhaps the most successful and visible example of this absorption of Japanese pop culture influences into the American mainstream.” (Jenkins, 2006,168). The franchise consists of the same distribution concept the Japanese media uses, tying in the movies, with anime, video games and comics. As a cosmopolitan and fan of the Wachowskis, I have come across this content by trying to escape my everyday life and therefore taking part in this culture. I have seen the films, bought the anime and played the games. I’ve had a taste of Japanese culture and feel enriched by the experience.

Although there is no guarantee that pop cosmopolitanism will solve the world’s problems, by people becoming more tolerant of others through getting to know their cultures from afar, there is till a fine line between a superficial admiration and dedicated knowledge of the other cultures. Pop cosmopolitans border on the selfish. They take little bits from here and tidbits from there to make something different for themselves, something they can relate to. Having said that, Jenkins explains that “pop cosmopolitanism is generating its own intelligentsia, its own critics, historians, translators and educators.” (Jenkins, 2006 ,170). So the debate is not between pop culture and a more authentic folk culture, but a higher understanding of what we already know and implementing the desire to continue learning about other cultures through the means available to us right now.

Reference: Jenkins, H (2006). Pop cosmospolitanism: Mapping cultural flows in an age of media convergence. In H. Jenkins, Fans, bloggers and gamers: exploring participatory culture (pp 152-172). New York: New York University Press.

Indigenous, ethnic and cultural articulations of new media.

In Ramesh Srinivasan’s article he explains how ethnic and indigenous communities make use of ‘new media’ to further their causes. He explains that although technology today is causing a ‘digital devide’, by “Apply[ing] the notion of ownership”  and creating “ethnic biases” (Srinivasan, 2006, 497) it is also a means to reconnect people as seen in Tribal PEACE, but more on that later.

While Jenkins forms an optimistic point of view of the way people today use technology to take part in something new and exotic, Srinivasan points out that this technology is also rendering traditional society and communities obsolete. He explains that public places such as bowling alleys are shutting down due to lack of demand. A key point is made when Paul Virilio is cited: “But now, globalisation and virtualisation are inaugurating a global time that prefigures a new form of tyranny.” (Virilio, 1995, cited in Srivinasan, 2006, 498) People are spending more time online building societies in cyberspace rather than ‘real life’.

He adds further that technology is seen as something that has been forced upon the public “rather than a tool that can be used to achieve locally and culturally specific visions.” (Srinivasan, 2006, 499). However, with education and new media can be seen as an opportunity and not an obligation.

Srinivasan goes on to illustrate his point by using Fay Ginsburg’s example of the Inuit People of the Arctic; Terrence Turner’s work with the Kayapo people of central Brazil as well as Eric Michaels’s work on the Warlpiri Aborigines of Western Central Australia. All have used new media to convey their stories, their voice and political views to their advantage. The use of broadcasting in this new form has allowed all the three examples to maintain their culture, as well as controlling what is used and therefore having a say in what is broadcast.

The next point is the issue of a group of people that have migrated to a new country and made it their new home. For these people, the new media represents a pathway to keeping connections with the old and to stay in touch with people, issues and religion. So to this extent, Srinivasan explains that communities are now so much more than “bounds of geographical neighborhood and cultural background.” (Srinivasan, 2006, 502). Ethnic communities on a global scale means that cyberspace is the place to be to reconnect with the people who are most important, religiously, politically or personally. As well as maintaining ties with their homeland and peers, these people who have made their home in different parts of the world, can encourage others (Jenkins’s pop cosmopolitans) to see their country and its ideals through their point of view.

Tribal PEACE is a project that Srinivasan has undertaken in California, “a web-based information system created with 19 Native American reservations of San Diego County.” Communication in these reservations had been slowly dividing due to “historical dynamics”. (Srinivasan, 2006, 506). The work would include reconnecting the reservations with one another. “This infrastructure would be based around the goals of rekindling ancient networks of kinship amongst the reservations that had been destroyed over time. In essence, the [Hewlett-Packard] grant would provide a ‘Tribal Digital Village’”. (Srinivasan, 2006, 508).

Srinivasan goes on to say that for 18 months he spend time getting to know the people from the reservations, attaining their trust and gathering data for the Tribal PEACE project. He explains that he was able to catalog traditions, languages and songs. He and another colleague also came up with the Mazanita tree Diagram that is used to represent the reservation. It can be modified by anyone with access and it expresses ideas, stories, songs, prayers and native songs. Today this is an important tool used in schools as well as by political leaders within the tribes as well as the majority of the reservations. Tribal PEACE illustrates with certainty that new media today has the capability to not only reconnect people but allow these people some control over what is distributed.

“The point across both the indigenous and diasporic examples is clear: the networked nature of new media technologies enables sharing, identity formation, communication and publicisation to occur nearly instantaneously without being bound by the realities of physical distance.” (Srinivasan, 2006, 504)

The Tribal PEACE project is an excellent example allowing people to understand the importance of new media and the way that it is used by ethnic communities, the way it is shaping these communities by preserving their culture, be it songs, native language or other important documentation.

Reference: Srinivasan, R (2006). Indigenous, ethnic and cultural articulations of new media. International Journal of Cultural Studies, 9(4), 497-518.

2.    Identify media texts from other cultures that you enjoy. Consider whether your use of these texts makes you a “pop cosmopolitan”.

I was born in El Salvador and raised in Australia, however, I’m an Aussie at heart and enjoy dunking my Tim Tams in my cuppa. I also enjoy watching the cricket and the AFL. Being raised in Australia, I have embraced this culture as my own, so much so, that watching a Spanish film feels like I’m watching another culture completely different to me and mine. Guillermo Del Toro’s Masterpiece Pan’s Labyrinth, released in 2006 is a perfect example where indeed, I needed the subtitles as I couldn’t follow the Spanish being spoken!

So, yes I think I’m a pop cosmopolitan, I enjoy watching martial arts films; I adore Jet Li. Especially in Hero and Fearless. I love musicals, so Bollywood films are a must and I have seen many Anime TV series and films, including Sailor Moon, Cowboy Bebop, Neon Genesis Evangelion, Ghost in the Shell and Ponyo just to name a few!

I am a huge fan of British films, romantic ones like Love Actually and BBC Worldwide version of Pride and Prejudice. But what tickles my fancy is the Blood and Ice cream genre films starring Simon Pegg and Nick Frost: Shaun of the Dead and Hot Fuzz.

American content consists of Zombies,Vampire and Werewolves films or anything with Milla Jovovich and or Bruce Willis. Particular favourite films include the Resident Evil franchise, The Matrix franchise, Underworld and Van Helsing. I’m also a huge fan of The X-Men franchise.

My children enjoy watching ABC for kids on channel two and I have noticed some of its shows are made in Asia, like Korean Dibo the Gift Dragon. There is also Bali from France and Mr Maker from the UK. So I’m raising a couple of pop cosmopolitans as well!

What I’m wondering is can we classify American and British culture as different to Australian culture and whether I’d be called a pop cosmopolitan by watching a lot of American TV and film? Undoubtedly, I consume a lot of American texts. It’s everywhere you look. Movies, prime time TV shows, (channel nine’s Two and a Half Men on at 7pm) and books. Also I must admit, that just as Jenkins suggests in this week’s reading, my interests in other cultures is slightly superficial as I’m not willing to change my beliefs or ideals after consuming different cultures. I only wish to escape for a little while.

 
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Posted by on 03/29/2011 in MED104

 

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2.2 Don’t touch that! Copyright, ownership and institutional control

1.    Summarise the main points from the reading and the talk by Lawrence Lessig.

M/C Journal, Vol. 11, No. 6 (2008) – ‘recover’

Recovering Fair Use, Steve Collins

Copyright law has become the hot topic of conversation due to the ever changing landscape of the internet and the sites that distribute content across the world. In this reading, I learned that even though the term Prosumerism is not new, it has taken new significance lately because the very act of creating using other people’s ideas (new or old) is what defines this generation according to Lessing,2007.

Using YouTube as an example, who use the term “Broadcast Yourself”, the video sharing web site allows for a democratised media process, in other words, a more equal footing, and give people the the tools to put their message across. However, big media corporations have in the past “actively defended their intellectual property through law suits, take down notices and technological reinforcements.” (Collins, 2008).

So, even though YouTube users might not be earning any money from the use of copyrighted material, many of the big media companies are suing, and winning, setting precedents which Collins calls “absurd”. He proceeds to explain that Fair use was put in place to “prevent oppressive monopolies” but has become almost Blackstonian in it’s approach.  He believes that with fair use, “balance can be restored.” The court system agrees that copyright was “intended to promote creativity” and any misconceptions about copyright laws must be cleared. In doing so, new creators would benefit and indeed balance can be achieved. (Collins, 2008).

Lawrence Lessig on “laws that strangle creativity”2007

I enjoyed Lessing’s talk on “Laws that choke creativity” and found it an interesting watch. He starts of with three concepts of “user generated content” which includes culture as a read-write culture (participatory) or a read only culture (we are just consumers); Land or property that is protected by law and broadcasting technology, the terror of the content industry.

The way he puts his point across is clever. First, Lessing informs us that we began as a read-write culture by being able to tell our stories, or sing our songs from today and yesterday, but slowly began to loose the freedom of expression to big corporations. For example, phonograph giant Victor who monopolised  the recording of sound from 1901 to 1929. Secondly, property laws were devised to protect citizen from trespassers, but these laws needed to be updated to suit the times. His example of planes needing clearance every time they flew over different portions of land makes it clear that these laws although useful long ago where indeed vague and antique. Thirdly, the ASCAP vs BMI case where a David and Goliath battle seem to develop in the early 1940’s, it was the unprecedented shift of customers to a lesser quality public domain provided by BMI that proved competition and a more democratic view for broadcasting, was the way to go.

“In my view the most significant thing to recognise about what this internet is doing is its opportunity to revive the read-write culture that Sausa romantised. Digital technology is the opportunity for the revival of these vocal cords that he spoke so passionately to Congress about.” (Lessing, 2007).

Lessing claims that spreading user generated content in business today is invaluable, because people do it for the love of it, not for the money. When people stop being just consumers and just producers and start using something new and something old they make something interesting.

He is quick to point out that he is not endorsing piracy, instead he talks “about people taking and creating, using other people’s content, using digital technologies to say things differently.” (Lessing, 2007).

Pointing out that kids today are more technology-minded, Lessing says that this sort of creativity are the new tools that have been embraced. However, these tools come with the taboo of being illegal and the here is where the trespassing plane law comes in. Yet another example of a Blackstonian approach (as per Steve Collins journal entry, 2008). But with the idea represented by BMI, that with competition, balance can be achieved.

Lessing proposes two changes that can bring balance about and those are Artists/creators more open to fair use and for organisations to help build the read-write culture which will enable “free content or freer content [to] grow on a neutral platform, where they both exist simultaneously, so that more free can compete with less free and the opportunity to develop the creativity in that competition can teach the lessons of the other.” (Lessing, 2007).

It is imperative to allow people today more freedom of expression through work that they have made mixing the old with the new. To remove the knowledge that what they are making could constitute as copyright infringement. These laws should be rejuvenated.

http://journal.media-culture.org.au/index.php/mcjournal/article/viewArticle/

http://www.victor-victrola.com/

2.    Identify any problems about copyright that you are likely to encounter in your remediation assignment. Assume the text that you will remediate is the text you chose as a favourite in your first entry.

As I have chosen to do a montage of photos of Colin Firth’s Mr Darcy from both the BBC Wordwide’s Pride and Prejudice and Bridget Jones’s Diary from Universal Studios, I searched many websites to obtain said photos, many of these websites did not have reference or point of origin, however some photos were subject to copyright. So far however, I haven’t had any problem with the visual.

However, music, I can confirm is another matter all together! I decided to go through the uploading process to see what it entails using YouTube. Upon uploading my ‘fanvid’  I received an email from YouTube informing me that I might have issues. Because I am using the song ‘I Found Love’ by C + C Music Factory, Sony 1995, my video clip cannot be shown in some countries (currently Germany). And so it cannot be seen on my blog, it must be seen on the YouTube website. I am advised to check regularly to see if this has changed but other than that I am told to do nothing, thank goodness. Below is a copy of the email and what appears after I click on the link ‘the Content ID Matches section of your account’.

“Dear evie08eric,

Your video, MED104 Engaging Media Remediation Project, may have content that is owned or licensed by Sony Music Entertainment.

No action is required on your part; however, if you are interested in learning how this affects your video, please visit the Content ID Matches section of your account for more information.

Sincerely,
– The YouTube Team”

Your video, MED104 Engaging Media Remediation Project , may include content that is owned or administered by these entities:

  • Entity: Sony Music Entertainment Content Type: Sound Recording

As a result, your video is blocked in these locations:

Germany

What should I do?

No action is required on your part. Your video is still available everywhere not listed above. In some cases ads may appear next to your video.

What can I do about my video’s status?

Please note that the video’s status can change, if the policies chosen by the content owners change. You may want to check back periodically to see if you have new options available to you.

Under certain circumstances, you may dispute this copyright claim. These are:

  • if the content is mistakenly identified and is actually completely your original creation;
  • if you believe your use does not infringe copyright (e.g. it is fair use under US law);
  • if you are actually licensed by the owner to use this content.

I need more information. I want to learn more about the dispute process.

Please take a few minutes to visit our Help Center section on Policy and Copyright Guidelines, where you can learn more about copyright law and our Content Identification Service.

I then took the copyright tutorial on the YouTube website and found it to be well written and comprehensive enough for me, explaining what copyright means, infringement and creative commons licensing. They also listed several links should I want to investigate further such as Fair Use Project Stanford Center for Internet and Society. Very interesting reading!

http://cyberlaw.stanford.edu/fair-use-project

 
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Posted by on 03/23/2011 in MED104

 

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1.2 The Medium is the Message? When the media coverge

Henry Jenkins on Participatory Culture (Vid)

The video for me was a lot more interesting than the article, because even though it’s basically the same message, the visual helped a lot! When Jenkins was talking about big media companies, you could see in the background that he was referring to Disney as there were clips of Snow White and Seven Dwarfs, Cinderella, Aladdin and even the Walt Disney Logo.

In this video he says, “major media companies claimed ownership of these stories in the 20th century” (Jenkins, 2009 on Transmedia from niko on Vimoe) and I take it to mean that Disney took stories like the Hans Christian Andersen story of The Little Mermaid and made it their own. The remediation of this story has Ariel living happily ever after with her prince at the end of the film. (As we all know she dies in the original story).

Since the movie came out in 1989, sequels have followed, as well as TV shows, games, toys, activity books and a vast array of merchandise including clothing and manchester. Disney has done this process to a number of other stories as well, whereby the story becomes the property of Disney, if not physically then by the very process of remediation. Ask a child today, 5 years ago, even 10 years ago who came up with The Little Mermaid and they will no doubt tell you it was Disney.

So according to Jenkins and to paraphrase, today’s participatory culture is allowing ordinary people with different perspectives to use the necessary tools to tell their own story. To come away from the shadows of big media companies such as Disney for example and to claim back stories that belonged to us so long ago. After all, “a world governed by participatory culture has the potential to be much more diverse than a world controlled by a handful of media companies.” (Jenkins, 2009 on Transmedia from niko on Vimoe).

http://cinematech.blogspot.com/2009/05/great-video-w-henry-jenkins-on.html

Lessing 2006

Personally, I know cyberspace is real even if I don’t indulge in that particular world. I enjoy Facebook, as I tend to participate in everything it has to offer: I write what is on my mind daily, I post photos for my friends and family to see, I catch up with friends here in Oz and over seas and I play games when time allows. Creating a whole life in cyberspace is a little too tedious for me, however, I guess both are part of Jenkin’s participatory culture!

What I got out this text was that virtual reality to paraphrase, enables us to have a duality, to have a life that might not be normal in today’s society, and can be acceptable online. However, is the government keeping up with the technology today? Do they have rules and regulations (apart from system codes that make a cyberspace program possible) that determine how people should behave, or punished for any wrong-doing and who they are governed by online? Do these rules border on the ambiguous because they are yet to be tested?

Another question is, can virtual worlds be governed by the real world and do the same rules apply? The example of Ann Arbour Jake and Hackensack Jake was very interesting because “It [cyberspace] created a competing authority for Jake and gave him the chance to select between these competing authorities merely by switching his computer on or off.” (Lessing, 2006).

Lecture: Merrick 2010 MED104 Key Themes

Finally got to listen to the whole thing! I love Star Trek. My step father got the movies for us to see every Friday night. If it wasn’t that, it was Chuck Norris or Steven Segal. Love it!

To answer your question Elaine, the unit themes are Ownership; Participatory Culture; Ethics; Credibility and Privacy.

Reservations, concerns about new media use

  • Identify and discuss community fears and concerns about new media use.

In regards to what I’ve learned from Jenkins and Lessing fears about new media use include online war games being too graphic and too violent; cyberbullying; sexual predators. Personally, I can attest that my mother is terrified of even owning a computer because she might break it! Aside from that, when she does log into Facebook, she often admits she would hate to look foolish on something so public should she accidentally publish a typo (my mum is bilingual, Spanish being her first language).

  • Consider violent and sexually explicit content on the web and in games.

As a Christian as a mother I do not tolerate such content in my home, and I have Family Safety Filter through Windows Live installed. However, I also believe each to their own, I’m not going to tell others what and what not to access on the net.

  • Discuss net filters and government regulations as well as resistance to regulation

Having young children, who are curious about everything, the internet included (my two year old knows how to access the ABC for Kids website) I trust and believe in net filters placed by the government. They are too young to question what is being left out and I’m happy with that. When they are older they can make their own decisions about what is suitable for them to see.

 
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Posted by on 03/12/2011 in MED104

 

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MED104: Engaging Media Learning Portfolio. 1.1 Introduction: How does the media engage you? How do you engage with the media?

1.1 Activity Discussion

I just wanted to put down on screen (?) before I turn in for the night. Because I’m a stay at home mum, I depend a lot on the internet for just about everything from entertainment, to social networking, to news.

We have a PC, a laptop, PS2 and a PS3. On the PC, I have Facebook and twitter as the social aspects, as I chat to my friends and family this way more than on the phone. Also I depend on YouTube to find out visually what’s going on in the world and if the Wiggles have a new song out. Very important to my two year old! We catch up on newspapers from Oz as well as the USA and I particularly like a website called Stumble Upon, simply because it’s FUN.

Both the landline and the mobile get rarely used, the TV is mostly used to watch movies or children’s shows, like… You guessed it, the Wiggles.

I’m 31 and I love technology, I love it so much that I’m teaching my children how to access the net and how to play their movies and they are quite smart about it too. I believe that as long as I’m there to make sure they don’t get into mischief they are Ok. As a parent I’m teaching them skills that they will use in the future, but also setting up safetynets so that I know that they will be well- safe, as they delve more into the web as they get older. Like giving your child a bike, you must first put training wheels and make sure you are there to catch them if they fall.

How do views about recent developments in the media differ between students and friends/family/older generations/different cultures? Why?

I’m not too sure how to answer this question, but I’d like to try if that’s ok… My personal view on this is that technology can always get better but at the moment it’s great. I have Facebook to keep me up to date with what my friends and family are doing. I can have a chat with them or simply send them a message they can access later. I can post photos of my children for my friends to see and likewise I can view their photos.

Now, my mother is 51 to my 31 years of age and she finds computers in general terrifying. Seriously, she is very intimidated. She refuses to purchase a computer of her own and so uses mine to access Facebook and her email account. Every time, she says, “I don’t know how to log in!” Every time, I say, “Mum your username and password is your name!”

I believe that although my mum is not very old, she is very old school, so computers don’t feature much in her life and she can live quite happily without one. Another reason is that she is bilingual (as I am) and speaks predominantly Spanish, so sometimes she feels embarrassed if she misunderstands (or is misunderstood) when interacting on Facebook.

Did You Know 4.0 video

I found the video quite relevant as just recently my favourite book store, Angus and Robertson have been under stress because no one is buying books. People can buy books quite cheaply online and if you have the mind to it why not just read it off the computer screen and save more money?

I could save money, certainly, but then I would lose that special feeling of curling into my favourite chair with a nice cup of tea (it used to be wine before kids came along!) and holding in my hands my ticket to whatever time, place or genre I want to be…

Another point is the fact that people’s mobile phones can do everything a computer can do, and that doesn’t surprise me. I’ve been waiting for this since I read a book about the future in primary school (early 90’s). Unfortunately, my children have destroyed the last three phones that I’ve bought so now I just have a mobile phone that I use for emergencies only.

My husband on the other hand uses his mobile phone for wake up alarm, as a clock, access to internet (including Facebook), camera and of course, calls.

The video itself was interesting because it was simple and to the point. It used fast paced facts and music (almost too fast paced) and it was very colourful. I think the target audience might be someone like me, someone interested in technology, but not an expert. I read the comments that the video received and noticed a lot of young people having their say. Could that be that others couldn’t or they simply didn’t want to?

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6ILQrUrEWe8

Re: Jenkins 2009

This is what I got from the reading.

“Partial agenda for media reform from the perspective of participatory culture”. (Jenkins, 2009). Basically individuals acting independently to make their own free choices (Wikipedia) regarding new technology and the various aspects of information sharing websites.

Jenkins goes on to point out many limitations of today’s technology from fear of cultural change, lack of access out of school and workplaces, legal battles such as copyright, fair use and privacy. I must agree to the reinvention of public institutions to better educate people and overcome social divisions being passed on to cyberspace.

The ongoing debate of us against the government is here too. But the idea is to find a balance with ongoing training and understanding the way not just young people, but how everyone is connecting to the online world using “friendship-based, interest-driven social networks.” (Jenkins, 2009).

Media that engages us – Examples

I’m a child of the 80’s and both Chucky Norris and Steve Segal came over for tea on weekends so when I saw this ad, it transported me back to my childhood!

Please enjoy!

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qjRK0rNnK-Y

Mobile Phones

I was just thinking… Can I propose that everything that came before the mobile phone is old media and the mobile phone that exists today Is the new media?

If I went and bought a state of the art mobile phone, what do I get? A device that can make phone calls, while seeing the person I’m speaking with; take a photo/movie; have a flashlight; have internet, where I can check emails, online banking, social network, even as of this month make claims on health insurance (NIB), play games…

In certain types of phones I can access applications that can do almost anything I wish.

In others yet, I can access Satellite Navigation Systems that can tell me where to go while on foot.

Just think, an all encompassing device, kinda reminds me of a Swiss army knife. What do you think mobiles can do in the future? Can it do a Jetsons-Style transformation into a car and vice versa? I hope so, that could solve a lot of parking problems!

 
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Posted by on 03/12/2011 in MED104

 

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